am delighted to participate in the Diamond
Jubilee Celebrations of Birla Vishvakarma
Mahavidyalya (BVM) which has completed
60 years of commendable educational mission
in this rural area. This was the first
engineering college of Gujarat state which
has produced over 16,000 graduates in
different engineering disciplines. BVM
is the result of the dreams of two great
visionaries Shri Bhaikaka and Shri Bhailabhai
Patel and generous funding by Shri GD
Birla who established a beautiful educational
complex at Vallabh Vidyanagar which has
now made a significant difference to the
socio economic condition of this area.
I congratulate all the functionaries of
BVM both present and past who have worked
hard to create an excellent educational
environment for the students in this campus.
My greetings to all the members of Birla
Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya on the occasion
of Diamond Jubilee Celebrations.
topic I have selected is “Technology
and Societal Transformation”.
Towards Knowledge Society
mission of any educational institution
is to transform into knowledge society.
This mission will have an impact on removing
illiteracy, upgrading the educational
system at various levels for providing
employable education and enriching the
teachers at all levels. It has to enrich
not only the communication area, but provide
the leverage to multiple sectors such
as agriculture, construction, manufacturing
and delivery of social services. BVM particularly
has the tremendous responsibility to spread
to the rural areas of Gujarat to give
the knowledge connectivity which will
become the life line for the employment
generation potential in the rural ambience
through value added products. Graduates
of BVM have to transform into knowledge
professionals enriched with the value
system drawn from our civilizational heritage.
This combination of knowledge and value
based education definitely will help them
to match the needs of the impedance of
the rural population. Can we meet the
challenge and bridge the rural-urban divide?
is the non-linear tool available to humanity,
which can affect fundamental changes in
the ground rules of economic competitiveness.
Science is linked to technology through
applications. Technology is linked to
economy and environment through manufacture
of knowledge products. Economy and environment
are linked to technology, which promotes
prosperity to the society. The engineering
and technology has to promote societal
transformation in our society leading
to become knowledge society. How BVM can
contribute towards achieving this goal?
Let me now talk to you about the mission
of developed India.
on the ambience in the country today,
I am visualizing the how the Professionals
of BVM can make a difference to the billion
people of India in the Development profile
of the nation by 2020. Let me present
the distinctive profile of India 2020.
Dear friends, all of you should map on,
how you can contribute to one or more
of the 10 missions without disturbing
the academic and research programme of
Distinctive Profile of India 2020
1. A Nation
where the rural and urban divide has reduced
to a thin line.
2. A Nation where there is an equitable
distribution and adequate access to energy
and quality water.
3. A Nation where agriculture, industry
and service sector work together in symphony.
4. A Nation where education with value
system is not denied to any meritorious
candidates because of societal or economic
5. A Nation, which is the best destination
for the most talented scholars, scientists,
6. A Nation where the best of health care
is available to all.
7. A Nation where the governance is responsive,
transparent and corruption free.
8. A Nation where poverty has been totally
eradicated, illiteracy removed and crimes
against women and children are absent
and none in the society feels alienated.
9. A Nation that is prosperous, healthy,
secure, devoid of terrorism, peaceful
and happy and continues with a sustainable
10. A Nation that is one of the best places
to live in and is proud of its leadership
through creative and effective leadership
in Parliament, State Assemblies and other
institutions of the State.
am confident that these distinctive profiles
of the nation will give adequate challenge
to the creative and innovative minds of
BVM Students and Faculty Members. Out
of the 10 distinctive profiles to be achieved,
let me give you an example for bridging
Contribution in bridging the rural
do we bridge this gap? We can bridge it
through the creation of projects PURA
(Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas).
India has over 600,000 villages where
700 million people are living. To enhance
their prosperity and life style, we need
to create 7,000 PURA complexes across
the country. BVM can consider planning
and preparing the report for creation
of number of PURA complexes covering the
villages in Anand and other districts
of Gujarat. The creation of PURA complex
involves provision of three connectivities
namely physical connectivity, electronic
connectivity and knowledge connectivity.
Provision of these connectivities to the
rural complex will lead to economic connectivity.
Students and Faculty members have a role
in planning the PURA complexes and creation
of connectivities through the use of science
and technology. Particularly, BVM students
and faculty members can assist the state
government authorities in organizing electronic
and knowledge connectivity in the rural
clusters located around Vallabh Vidyanagar.
Also, some of the students who are keen
to become entrepreneurs can create PURA
enterprises in the PURA complexes. I would
like to share the contribution of Periyar
Maniamai College of Women in Thanjavur
district in establishing Periyar PURA
and particularly working on one village
one product scheme in partnership with
JETRO of Japan.
One Village One Product and PURA
members of Periyar PURA in Vallam, Thanjavur
district in Tamil Nadu have created a
strategic partnership with Japan External
Trade Organization (JETRO) of Japan. During
the last one year, people of Periyar PURA
villages technologically supported by
Periyar Maniammai College of Engineering
for Women have worked with experts from
JETRO on various products for which core
competence and raw material is available
in Thanjavur district. They developed
proto types for 123 products such as bed
sheets, table runner, cushion cover, brass
drum, curtains, bread basket etc. Interaction
with JETRO specialists included comparison
of Japanese product, discussion on raw
material selection, technical advice on
product development and final quality
inspection. Based on this intensive interaction,
Vallam people produced 123 products and
JETRO selected 55 out of them for international
55 finalized products were displayed in
an exhibition at New Delhi during February
2007 and they have also been displayed
in Interior Lifestyle 2007 Exhibition
at Tokyo held during 6th to 8th June 2007.
Over 168 Business visitors and industries
have shown interest in the life style
products presented by Periyar PURA team.
The important point I would like to mention
is that the local technical consultancy
support for improving the product has
been provided by Periyar Maniammai College
of Engineering for Women, and also JETRO.
I am sure; Students and Faculty Members
of BVM will definitely be able to replicate
such missions in the rural areas adjoining
Vallabh Vidyanagar using the core-competence
of the people in the region. The second
example, I would like to discuss is about
provision of energy.
Energy Independence - A Perspective
has 17% of the world’s population,
but only about 0.8% of the world’s
known oil and natural gas resources. Based
on the progress visualized for the nation
during the next two decades, the power
generating capacity has to increase to
400,000 MW by the year 2030 from the current
130,000 MW in India. This takes into consideration
of energy economies planned and the design
and production of energy efficient equipments
and systems. Energy independence has got
to be achieved through three different
sources namely renewable energy (solar,
wind and hydro power), electrical power
from nuclear energy and bio-fuel for the
independence throws very important technological
challenges to the world: The solar cell
efficiency has to increase from the present
20% to 55% through intensified research
on CNT (Carbon Nano Tube) based solar
cells. For thorium reactors, as it is
known, thorium is a non-fissile material.
It has to be converted into a fissile
material using Fast Breeder Technology.
In the Bio-fuel area, the challenge is
bio-fuel plantation for higher yield,
esterification technologies for the higher
output and the modification to automobile
power plants. I would suggest Students
and faculty members of BVM to participate
in the development of these technologies
leading to the availability of commercial
class large scale power plants within
the next decade.
would like to share with you knowledge
driven technology leading to non-linear
Knowledge driven technology gives
had an interesting study with my team.
From the study I could find among the
Top IT companies in India, per capita
revenue per employee varies from $32,000
to $82,000 per annum, whereas the value
addition per employee in one of our Indian
automobile industries is $205,000, which
is second in the world in manufacturing.
But at the same time, I have studied certain
IT MNC’s whose business is based
on Knowledge products. Their per capita
employee revenue is in the order of $200,000
to $600,000. Per capita revenue of one
of the leading search engine company is
over 10 lakh dollars. Here you should
see the difference. Why I am bringing
this point here is, to emphasize how the
knowledge based system can bring non-linear
growth to the organization as well as
to the nation. Higher the productivity
of knowledge based system, better the
employee productivity leading to the non-linear
growth of Indian industries. The Students
and Faculty Members of BVM should work
on development of such knowledge based
products for enhancing the productivity
of our Industries as a whole. For achieving
great missions, time is a very important
You can navigate the time
you all know, the earth rotates on its
own axis once in a day having 24 hours
or 1440 minutes or 86400 seconds. Earth
itself orbits around the sun. It takes
nearly one year for an orbit. With the
completion of one rotation of earth around
the sun, your age is added by one year
as you are living on planet earth. Seconds
fly, minutes fly, hours fly, days fly
and years fly. We have no control over
it. The only thing that we can do is,
while the time flies, we can navigate
the time. “Let not thy winged day,
spent in vain”. Young friends, all
of you have to have a mission in life
and work for it by navigating the time
towards the mission.
the years to come, India has to graduate
from industrial economy to knowledge economy
with emphasis on empowerment of the people
besides providing basic needs for all-round
development. The education system has
to be creative, interactive, self-learning
and informal with focus on values, merit
and quality instead of being text book
based teaching. The workers have to be
flexibly skilled, knowledgeable and self-empowered
instead of being merely categorized as
skilled or semi-skilled. The type of work
will be less structured and software driven
instead of being structured and hardware
driven. Management style will be through
more delegation instead of being directive.
The quality of personnel will be knowledge
based besides addressing enhanced performance.
Impact on environment and energy will
be strikingly less compared to being heavy.
Keeping these characteristics in mind,
BVM may like to work towards generation
of human resource for meeting the needs
of knowledge economy through suitable
modification to its teaching methods,
the application of technology, enhancing
the connectivity among multiple institutions
and creating a research orientation.
me once again greet all the members of
Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya on the
occasion of Diamond Jubilee Celebrations.
My best wishes to the BVM community for
success in the mission of creating nation
builders of the 21st Century.
APJ Abdul Kalam,